How can you protect yourself from influenza viruses?
There are a few simple precautions you can take, both to prevent becoming infected yourself, and to avoid infecting others if you become ill.
To avoid infecting yourself:
Vaccines provide the best protection against influenza.
Wash your hands often with soap and running water, particularly when you have been out among people. If normal hand-washing is not possible, such as when you are travelling, you can use cleansing products containing alcohol to disinfect your hands.
Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth before you have washed your hands.
To avoid infecting others:
Cough and sneeze into a paper handkerchief, and dispose of it after use.
Cough and sneeze into the crook of your arm if no paper handkerchief is available.
Limit the number of people you have contact with, and try to maintain a distance of at least one metre from healthy people.
Stay home from work, school or day care if you are ill. This applies up to 24 hours after you are fever-free, if you otherwise feel healthy.